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dc.creatorPedro Moreira
dc.creatorAndrl Moreira
dc.creatorPatricia Padrao
dc.creatorLuis Delgado
dc.description.abstractObjective: To evaluate the importance of economic and educational factors in determining the risk of asthma in adults. Study design and methods: This was a cross-sectional study in a representative sample of Portuguese adults (20,977 females and 18,663 mates) from the main regions of mainland Portugal. Participants were categorized according to years of education (<= 4, 5-9, 10-12 and > 12 years) and income (<= 314, 315-547, 548-815 and > 815 Euros/month). Information on asthma was based on answers to the following question: 'Have you had asthma in the previous year?' Logistic regression models were fitted to estimate the magnitude of the association between asthma and education/income, adjusting for confounders (body mass index, age, smoking habits, physical activity, area of residence, number of household members and income/education). Results: In females and mates, the odds of having asthma decreased with increasing income (P-value for trend <0.001), with odds ratios of 0.52 [95% confidence intervals (CI) 0.41-0.66] and 0.55 (95%CI 0.44-0.68) for those with a monthly income > 815 Euros compared with those with a monthly income <= 314 Euros, respectively. For both genders, the odds of having asthma were not significantly associated with years of education. Conclusion: A significant positive association between per capita national income and asthma reinforces that public policy should stress the importance of economic growth as a means for preventing asthma occurrence and improving quality of life.
dc.subjectCiências da saúde
dc.subjectHealth sciences
dc.titleThe role of economic and educational factors in asthma: Evidence from the Portuguese Health Survey
dc.typeArtigo em Revista Científica Internacional
dc.contributor.uportoFaculdade de Ciências da Nutrição e Alimentação
dc.contributor.uportoFaculdade de Medicina
dc.subject.fosCiências médicas e da saúde::Ciências da saúde
dc.subject.fosMedical and Health sciences::Health sciences
Appears in Collections:FCNAUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
FMUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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