Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Author(s): Leal, Fernanda
Oliveira, Bruno
Rodrigues, Sara
Title: Relation between cooking habits and skills and Mediterranean diet in a sample of Portuguese adolescents
Issue Date: 2011
Abstract: Aims: To assess the cooking habits and skills of adolescents and its relation to Mediterraneandiet adherence.Methods: Adolescents (N = 390) from the seventh, eighth and ninth grades in a school from asemi-urban region in northern Portugal were asked to fill in a questionnaire. The questionnaireassessed self-reported cooking habits and skills, for example enjoying and knowing how tocook and wanting to cook and learn more. Answers were taken on a scale from 0 to 5, 0 being'no' and 5 being 'very much'. Learning sources, cooking frequency, and confidence in cookingten particular foods were also assessed using the following answers: 'no, never', 'yes, withhelp from family/friends', 'yes, all by myself'. Adherence to Mediterranean diet was evaluatedusing the KIDMED index.Results: Adolescents who said that they cooked, did so usually between one and four times amonth (56.2%). A high proportion of respondents had never cooked vegetables (57%), fish(51%) and soup (49%). Girls were more likely to have cooked foods listed in the questionnaire(p ≤ .002). Adolescents who did not know how to cook (8.7%) stated that the main reasonswere that they had someone to cook for them (47%) and had no interest (35%). Those whoknew how to cook mainly stated that they had learnt from their family (87.9%) and bythemselves (7.9%). Most of our sample wanted 'to learn how to cook better' (M = 3.8,SD = 1.5), preferably with family/friends (82%) or by taking culinary courses (10%). TheKIDMED index was poor for 7.2% of the sample, average for 50.8% and good for 42.1%.Adolescents with higher KIDMED scores were younger (p = .025), knew how to cook better(p < .001), cooked more often (p < .001), enjoyed cooking (p < .001), would like to cook morefrequently (p < .001), and would like to learn how to cook better (p < .001).Conclusion: Almost one in every ten adolescents did not know how to cook. Vegetables, fishand soup were found to be foods that nearly half of the adolescents had never cooked. Femaleadolescents were more involved in cooking than males. Better cooking habits and skills werepositively related with adolescents' adherence to the Mediterranean diet, which reinforces theidea that teaching cooking skills may have a positive impact in future food choice.
Subject: Ciências da saúde
Health sciences
Scientific areas: Ciências médicas e da saúde::Ciências da saúde
Medical and Health sciences::Health sciences
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: restrictedAccess
Appears in Collections:FCNAUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
  Restricted Access
artigo446.06 kBAdobe PDF    Request a copy from the Author(s)

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.