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Author(s): João Fonseca
Nuno Tomada
Alexandre Magalhães
Adriana R Rodrigues
Gouveia, Alexandra
Delminda Neves
Title: Effect of Aging and Cardiovascular Risk Factors on Receptor Tie1 Expression in Human Erectile Tissue
Issue Date: 2015
Abstract: IntroductionErectile dysfunction is highly prevalent in patients with advanced age or cardiovascular disease risk factors (CVDRFs). These conditions interfere on expression of vascular growth factors and respective receptors causing disturbance in endothelial function. AimThis study aims to assess the effect of aging and CVDRF on the expression of tyrosine kinase with immunoglobulin-like and EGF-like domains (Tie) 1 in human corpus cavernosum (CC). MethodsCC fragments obtained from programmed surgeries or organ donors were divided into three groups: young, healthy aged, and aged with CVDRF. Angiopoietin (Ang) 1, Ang2, Tie1, and Tie2 mRNA and protein levels were assessed by real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting, respectively. Dual-immunolabeling of Tie1 with specific markers of endothelium and smooth muscle and Ang1 and Ang2 was performed. Main Outcome MeasuresTo characterize the expression of Tie1 in human CC and elucidate its potential inhibitory effect in Ang-Tie2 system. ResultsAnalysis of mRNAs demonstrated a decrease in Tie1 expression in CVDRF individuals compared with aged or young healthy individuals. No variation for Tie2, Ang1, or Ang2 expression was observed among the studied groups. In all analyzed CC fragments, a 125kDa band, Tie1, was detected. This protein presented a significant age-related decrease, specially in individuals with CVDRF. Immunofluorescence study revealed Tie1 expression in the endothelium of samples of all experimental groups. ConclusionsEmploying different methodological approaches, we show for the first time that Tie1 is expressed in human CC endothelium, and its level of expression diminishes in aged individuals, particularly those with CVDRF. This finding reinforces the view that delivery of Ang1 to the CC of erectile dysfunction affected CVDRF patients is able to activate a beneficial Tie2 response. Fonseca J, Tomada N, MagalhAes A, Rodrigues AR, Gouveia AM, and Neves D. Effect of aging and cardiovascular risk factors on receptor Tie1 expression in human erectile tissue. J Sex Med 2015;12:876-886.
Subject: Ciências da Saúde
Health sciences
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: restrictedAccess
Appears in Collections:FCNAUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
FCUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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