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Author(s): Lourenço AP
Vasques-Nóvoa F
Fontoura D
Brás-Silva C
Roncon-Albuquerque R Jr
Leite-Moreira AF.
Title: A Western-Type Diet Attenuates Pulmonary Hypertension with Heart Failure and Cardiac Cachexia in Rats
Issue Date: 2011
Abstract: Western-type diets (WD) constitute risk factors for disease but may have distinct effects in heart failure (HF) with cardiac cachexia (CC). We evaluated hemodynamic, metabolic, and inflammatory effects of short-term WD intake in pulmonary hypertension (PH) with CC. Male VVistar rats randomly received 60 mg . kg(-1) monocrotaline (M) or vehicle (C) and consumed either a 5.4-kcal . g(-1) WD (35% animal fat, 35% simple carbohydrate, 20% protein, 0.4% Na(+)) or a 2.9-kcal . g(-1) (3% vegetable fat, 60% complex carbohydrate, 16% protein, 0.25% Na(+)) normal diet (ND) for 5 wk. Mortality, energy intake, body weight (BW), metabolism, hemodynamics, histology, apoptosis, gene expression, transcription factors, and plasma cytokines were evaluated. Compared with the C-ND group, the M-ND group had PH, HF, and mortality that were significantly attenuated in M-WD. The extent of myocardial remodeling and apoptosis was higher in M-ND than in C-ND but lower in M-WD than in M-ND, while conversely, energy intake, BW, cholesterol, and TG plasma concentrations were lower in M-ND than in C-ND but higher in M-WD than in M-ND. M-ND had increased myocardial NF-kappa B transcription factor activity, endothelin-1, and cytokine overexpression and higher circulating cytokine concentrations than C-ND, which were lower in M-WD than in M-ND. PPAR alpha activity, however, was lower in M-ND, but not in M-WD, compared with the respective C groups. WD attenuated PH and CC, ameliorating survival, myocardial function, metabolism, and inflammation, through transcription factor modulation, suggesting a beneficial role in CC. J. Nutr. 141: 1954-1960, 2011.
Subject: Ciências da Saúde, Ciências da saúde
Health sciences, Health sciences
Scientific areas: Ciências médicas e da saúde::Ciências da saúde
Medical and Health sciences::Health sciences
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: restrictedAccess
Appears in Collections:FMUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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