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Author(s): Maddalena Marini
Natarajan Sriram
Konrad Schnabel
Norbert Maliszewski
Thierry Devos
Bo Ekehammar
Reinout Wiers
Cai, HJ
Monika Somogyi
Kimihiro Shiomura
Simone Schnall
Felix Neto
Yoav Bar Anan
Michelangelo Vianello
Alfonso Ayala
Gabriel Dorantes
Jaihyun Park
Selin Kesebir
Antonio Pereira
Bogdan Tulbure
Tuulia Ortner
Irena Stepanikova
Anthony G Greenwald
Brian A Nosekl
Title: Overweight People Have Low Levels of Implicit Weight Bias, but Overweight Nations Have High Levels of Implicit Weight Bias
Issue Date: 2013
Abstract: Although a greater degree of personal obesity is associated with weaker negativity toward overweight people on both explicit (i.e., self-report) and implicit (i.e., indirect behavioral) measures, overweight people still prefer thin people on average. We investigated whether the national and cultural context - particularly the national prevalence of obesity predicts attitudes toward overweight people independent of personal identity and weight status. Data were collected from a total sample of 338,121 citizens from 71 nations in 22 different languages on the Project Implicit website ( between May 2006 and October 2010. We investigated the relationship of the explicit and implicit weight bias with the obesity both at the individual (i.e., across individuals) and national (i.e., across nations) level. Explicit weight bias was assessed with self-reported preference between overweight and thin people; implicit weight bias was measured with the Implicit Association Test (IAT). The national estimates of explicit and implicit weight bias were obtained by averaging the individual scores for each nation. Obesity at the individual level was defined as Body Mass Index (BMI) scores, whereas obesity at the national level was defined as three national weight indicators (national BMI, national percentage of overweight and underweight people) obtained from publicly available databases. Across individuals, greater degree of obesity was associated with weaker implicit negativity toward overweight people compared to thin people. Across nations, in contrast, a greater degree of national obesity was associated with stronger implicit negativity toward overweight people compared to thin people. This result indicates a different relationship between obesity and implicit weight bias at the individual and national levels.
Subject: Psicologia
Scientific areas: Ciências sociais::Psicologia
Social sciences::Psychology
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FPCEUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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