Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Author(s): Laura Ciochinã
Luísa Faria
Title: Individualism and collectivism: what differences between portuguese and romanian adolescents?
Issue Date: 2009
Abstract: This article presents the results of a series of preliminary comparisons, between the Portuguese and Romanian cultural contexts, on the individualism-collectivism (IND/COL) cultural dimension. The IND/COL was evaluated with the Individualism-Collectivism Questionnaire - ICQ -, constructed in New Zealand by Shulruf, Hattie and Dixon (2003, Anonymous Questionnaire of Self-Attitudes - AQSA), and adapted to the Portuguese and Romanian contexts by Ciochina and Faria (2007), using studies of confirmatory factor analysis. The ICQ composed by 26 items, 15 evaluating the IND scale - with three subscales (Uniqueness, Competition and Responsibility) -, and 11 evaluating the COL scale - with two subscales (Harmony and Advice) -, was administered to 395 subjects, 200 Portuguese and 195 Romanian, 10(th) and 12(th) graders. On the whole, in the Portuguese and Romanian samples, the multivariate and univariate statistical analyses evidenced the existence of two independent variables - gender and cultural context -, with significant effects, main and of interaction, on the scales and subscales of the ICQ. The results were discussed taking into consideration the specificities of the educational systems in the two cultural contexts, which are inevitably shaped by socio-cultural factors characteristic of the two countries considered in the present study - Portugal and Romania.
Subject: Psicologia
Scientific areas: Ciências sociais::Psicologia
Social sciences::Psychology
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: restrictedAccess
Appears in Collections:FPCEUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
  Restricted Access
299.93 kBAdobe PDF    Request a copy from the Author(s)

This item is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons