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Author(s): Mendonça, FM
Neves, JS
Silva, MM
Borges Canha, M
Costa, C
Cabral, PM
Guerreiro, V
Lourenço, R
Meira, P
Correia, Flora
Salazar, D
Pedro, J
Viana, S
Souto, S
Varela, A
Belo, S
Lau, E
Freitas, P
Carvalho, Davide
Title: Secondary Hyperparathyroidism Among Bariatric Patients: Unraveling the Prevalence of an Overlooked Foe
Issue Date: 2021
Abstract: Introduction Bariatric surgery (BS) is the most effective therapeutic approach to obesity. It is associated with great gastrointestinal anatomic changes, predisposing the patients to altered nutrient absorption that impacts phosphocalcium metabolism. This study aimed to clarify the prevalence of secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) and its predictors in patients submitted to BS. Methods Retrospective study of 1431 patients who underwent metabolic surgery between January 2010 and June 2017 and who were followed for at least 1 year. We compared the clinical and biochemical characteristics of patients with and without secondary hyperparathyroidism (considering SHPT a PTH. 69 pg/mL). Two different analyses were performed: (1) paired analysis of participants before and 1 year after surgery (N = 441); (2) Cross sectional analysis of participants submitted to bariatric surgery before (N= 441), 1 year after (N= 1431) and 4 years after surgery (N = 333). Multiple logistic regression models were used to evaluate possible predictors of SHPT after BS. Results The overall prevalence of SHPT was 24.9% before surgery, 11.2% 1 year after surgery and 21.3% 4 years after surgery. Patients submitted to LAGB had the highest prevalence of SHPT 1 year after surgery (19.4%; vs RYGB, 12.8%, vs SG, 5.3%). Four years after surgery, RYGB had the highest prevalence of SHPT (27.0%), followed by LAGB (13.2%) and SG (6.9%). Higher body mass index and age, decreased levels of vitamin D and RYGB seem to be independent predictors of SHPT 1 year after surgery. The only independent predictor of SHPT 4 years after surgery was RYGB. Conclusion The prevalence of SHPT is higher before and 4 years after BS than 1 year after surgery. This fact raises some questions about the efficacy of the implemented follow-up plans of vitamin D supplementation on the long term, mainly among patients submitted to RYGB.
Subject: Ciências da Saúde, Ciências médicas e da saúde
Health sciences, Medical and Health sciences
Scientific areas: Ciências médicas e da saúde
Medical and Health sciences
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: restrictedAccess
Appears in Collections:FCNAUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
FMUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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