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Author(s): Ribeiro Da Silva, MAV
Monte, MJS
Lobo Ferreira, AIMC
Oliveira, JASA
Cimas, A
Title: A Combined Experimental and Computational Thermodynamic Study of Difluoronitrobenzene Isomers
Issue Date: 2010
Abstract: This work reports the experiunental and computational thermochemical study performed on time dilluorinated nitrobenzene isomers: 2,4-dilluoronitrobenzene (2,4-DFNB), 2,5-di fluoronitrobenzene (2.5-DFN13), and 3,4difluoronitrobenzene (3.4-DFNI3). The standard (p(o) = 0.1 WIN) molar enthalpies of formation in the liquid phase of these compounds were derived from the standard molar energies of combustion, in oxygen, at 7' = 298.15 K, measured by rotating bomb combustion ealorimetry. A static method was used to perform the vapor pressure study of the referred compounds allowing the construction of the phase diagrams and determination of the respective triple point coordinates, as well as the standard molar enthalpies of vaporization, sublimation, and fusion for two of the isomers (2,4-DFN13 and 3,4-DFN113). For 2,5-dilluoronitrobenzene, only liquid vapor pressures were measured enabling the determination of the standard molar enthalpies of vaporization. Combining the thermodynamic parameters of the compounds studied, the following standard (p(o) = 0.1 MN) molar enthalpies of formation in the gaseous phase, at T = 298.15 K, were derived: Delta(f)H(m)(o)(2,4-DFNB, g) = (296.3 +/- 1.8) kJ.mol(-1), Delta(f)H(m)(o)(2,5-DFNB, g) = (288.2 +/- 2.1) kJ.mol(-1), and Delta(f)H(m)(o)(3,4-DFNB, g) = -(302.4 +/- 2.1) kJ.mol(-1). Using the empirical scheme developed by Cox, several approaches were evaluated in order to identify the best method for estimating the standard molar gas phase enthalpies of.formation of these compounds. The estimated values were compared to the ones obtained experirrientally, and the approach providing the best comparison with experiment was used to estimate the thermodynamic behavior of the other difluorinated nitrobenzene isomers not included in this study. Additionally, the enthalpies of formation of these compounds along with the enthalpies of formation of the other isomers not studied experimentally, i.e., 2,3-DFNB, 2,6-DFNB, and 3,5-DFNB, were estimated using the composite G3MP2B3 approach together with adequate gas-phase working reactions. Furthermore, we also used this computational approach to calculate the gas-phase hasicities, proton and electron affinities, and, finally, adiabatic ionization enthalpies.
Subject: Química física
Physical chemistry
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: restrictedAccess
Appears in Collections:FCUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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