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Author(s): Álvares, L.
Amaral, Teresa
Title: Food insecurity and associated factors in the Portuguese population
Issue Date: 2014
Abstract: Background. The burden of food insecurity in Portugal,and the socioeconomic and demographic factors that arerelated to this condition, are unknown.Objective. To evaluate the frequency of food insecurityand to identify its associated characteristics in thePortuguese population.Methods. Data from 3,552 heads of family respondentsof the 2005/06 Portuguese National Health Surveywere analyzed in a cross-sectional study. Food insecuritywas evaluated with the use of the US Department ofAgriculture Household Food Security Survey Module6-Item Short Form. Chi-square tests and multivariatelogistic regression models were conducted. Significancewas indicated at p < .05.Results. Among the respondents, 16.5% were foodinsecure and 3.5% had very low food security. The oddsof being food insecure were highest for women (OR, 1.51;95% CI, 1.20 to 1.91), smokers (OR, 1.56; 95% CI, 1.20to 2.02), younger people (OR, 2.54; 95% CI, 1.69 to 3.80),unemployed people (OR, 3.04; 95% CI, 2.01 to 4.60),those with lower education (OR, 7.98; 95% CI, 4.73 to13.49), and those with lower income (OR, 6.27; 95% CI,4.23 to 9.30).Conclusions. The present study explored for the firsttime the burden of food insecurity in Portugal, revealingthat it was highly prevalent, affecting one in six Portuguesecitizens. Low education and low income were themain factors associated with food insecurity.
Subject: Ciências da Saúde, Ciências médicas e da saúde
Health sciences, Medical and Health sciences
Scientific areas: Ciências médicas e da saúde
Medical and Health sciences
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: restrictedAccess
Appears in Collections:FCNAUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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