Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/10216/93131
Author(s): Rute F. Meneses
José Luís Pais Ribeiro
Antonio Martins da Silva
Anna Rita Giovagnoli
Title: Neuropsychological predictors of quality of life in focal epilepsy
Issue Date: 2009
Abstract: Spontaneous complaints of outpatients with focal epilepsy often stress the relationship between cognitive deficits and Quality of Life (QOL). Consequently, the aim of the present study was to find the best neuropsychological predictors of QOL in individuals with focal epilepsy, in order to guide their ambulatory health care. A sample of 71 Portuguese patients was studied: 40 female. 47 married, with a mean age of 37.48 years (S.D. = 11.79, 16-62), mean education of 7.93 (S.D. = 4.05, 3-17), and focal epilepsy of moderate severity. A Socio-demographic and Clinical Questionnaire, the SF-36 v1, the Cognitive Functioning Scale from the ESI-55. a Seizure Control scale (items from the Liverpool Seizure Severity Scale), and several neuropsychological tests were used. Semantic Fluency was the only predictor of Physical Functioning, Role Functioning - Physical, and Mental Health; I.A. Test predicted Bodily Pain; and Attentive Matrices predicted General Health, Vitality, and Role Functioning - Emotional. The Mental Component of the SF-36 v1 was predicted by Attentive Matrices, and the Physical Component was predicted by Semantic Fluency. Cognitive Functioning was predicted by the Token Test. Social Functioning and Seizure Control presented no statistically significant correlation with the neuropsychological indicators used. These results underscore the importance of cognitive performance to the QOL of individuals with focal epilepsy, supporting the systematic screening of cognitive performance in this population. Additionally, they suggest cognitive rehabilitation has the potential to improve these individuals' QOL.
Subject: Medicina clínica
Clinical medicine
Scientific areas: Ciências médicas e da saúde::Medicina clínica
Medical and Health sciences::Clinical medicine
URI: https://repositorio-aberto.up.pt/handle/10216/93131
Related Information: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia/Programa Operacional Factores de Competitividade/PTDC/PSI/71635/2006/Preditores psicossociais de bom ajustamento a vida de todos os dias em pessoas com doenças crónicas graves/Doenças Crónicas
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: restrictedAccess
Appears in Collections:FPCEUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
ICBAS - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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