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Author(s): Filipa B Pimentel
Rita C Alves
Anabela S G Costa
Telmo J R Fernandes
Duarte Torres
Manuela F Almeida
Beatriz B P P Oliveira
Title: Nutritional composition of low protein and phenylalanine-restricted dishes prepared for phenylketonuric patients
Issue Date: 2014
Abstract: Nutritional management is essential for Phenylketonuria (PKU) treatment, consisting in a semi-synthetic and low phenylalanine (Phe) diet, which includes strictly controlled amounts of low protein natural foods (essentially fruits and vegetables) supplemented with Phe-free protein substitutes and dietetic low-protein products. PKU diet has to be carefully planned, providing the best ingredient combinations, so that patients can achieve good metabolic control and an adequate nutritional status. Hereupon, it is mandatory to know the detailed composition of natural and/or cooked foodstuffs prepared specifically for these patients. We intended to evaluate sixteen dishes specifically prepared for PKU patients, regarding the nutritional composition, Phe and tyrosine (Tyr) contents, fatty acids profile, and vitamins E and B-12 amounts. The nutritional composition of the cooked samples was 15.5-92.0 g/100 g, for moisture; 0.7-3.2 g/100 g, for protein; 0.1-25.0 g/100 g, for total fat; and 5.0-62.0 g/100 g, for total carbohydrates. Fatty acids profile and vitamin E amount reflected the type of fat used. All samples were poor in vitamin B-12 (0.3 -0.8 mu g/100 g). Boiled rice presented the highest Phe content: 503 mg/g of protein. These data allow a more accurate calculation of the diet portions to be ingested by the patients according to their individual tolerance.
Subject: Ciências da Saúde, Outras ciências agrárias
Health sciences, Other Agrarian Sciences
Scientific areas: Ciências agrárias::Outras ciências agrárias
Agrarian Sciences::Other Agrarian Sciences
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: restrictedAccess
Appears in Collections:FCNAUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
FFUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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