Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Author(s): Brian A Nosek
Frederick L Smyth
Sriram, N
Nicole M Lindner
Thierry Devos
Alfonso Ayala
Yoav Bar Anan
Robin Bergh
Huajian J Cai
Karen Gonsalkorale
Selin Kesebir
Norbert Maliszewski
Felix Neto
Eero Olli
Jaihyun Park
Konrad Schnabel
Kimihiro Shiomura
Bogdan Tudor Tulbure
Reinout W Wiers
Monika Somogyi
Nazar Akrami
Bo Ekehammar
Michelangelo Vianello
Mahzarin R Banaji
Anthony G Greenwald
Title: National differences in gender-science stereotypes predict national sex differences in science and math achievement
Issue Date: 2009
Abstract: About 70% of more than half a million Implicit Association Tests completed by citizens of 34 countries revealed expected implicit stereotypes associating science with males more than with females. We discovered that nation-level implicit stereotypes predicted nation-level sex differences in 8th-grade science and mathematics achievement. Self-reported stereotypes did not provide additional predictive validity of the achievement gap. We suggest that implicit stereotypes and sex differences in science participation and performance are mutually reinforcing, contributing to the persistent gender gap in science engagement.
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: restrictedAccess
Appears in Collections:FPCEUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
  Restricted Access
233.33 kBAdobe PDF    Request a copy from the Author(s)

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.