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Author(s): Silva, Rui
Faig, Anna Bach
Quintana, Blanca
Buckland, Genevieve
Almeida, Maria Daniel Vaz de
Majem, Lluís Serra
Title: Worldwide variation of adherence to the Mediterranean diet, in 1961-1965 and 2000-2003
Issue Date: 2009
Abstract: Objective: The present study aimed to analyse the worldwide trends of adherenceto the Mediterranean diet (MD), in 1961-1965 and 2000-2003.Design: Data were obtained from the FAO food balance sheets in two periods:1961-1965 and 2000-2003. In order to have a sample from across the world, forty-onecountries were selected. The average of available energy for different food groupswas calculated for all selected countries. These values were used to evaluate theadherence to the MD through a variation of Mediterranean Adequacy Index (MAI).Results: The majority of the forty-one countries in this study have tended to driftaway from a Mediterranean-like dietary pattern. Mediterranean Europe and the OtherMediterranean country groups suffered a significant decrease in their MAI values.The Mediterranean European group, especially Greece, experienced the greatestdecrease in MAI value.In both periods, the Other Mediterranean countries showed the highest MAIvalues. In an analysis by countries, Iran had the highest increase in MAI across thetime periods, and Egypt occupied the first place in the ranking in 2000-2003.The Northern European group was the only one that registered an increase in MAI,although this was not statistically significant.Conclusions: Many countries in the Mediterranean basin are drifting away from theMediterranean dietary pattern (MDP). However, countries in Northern Europe andsome other countries around the world are taking on a Mediterranean-like dietarypattern. The Other Mediterranean countries have the closest adherence to the MDP,currently and in the 1960s. Nutrition policy actions to
Subject: Ciências da Saúde, Outras ciências médicas
Health sciences, Other medical sciences
Scientific areas: Ciências médicas e da saúde::Outras ciências médicas
Medical and Health sciences::Other medical sciences
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: restrictedAccess
Appears in Collections:FCNAUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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