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Author(s): Pinho, Olívia
Mendes, Eulália
Alves, M.
Ferreira, Isabel
Title: Chemical, physical, and sensorial characteristics of "Terrincho" ewe cheese: Changes during ripening and intravarietal comparison
Issue Date: 2004
Abstract: The objectives of this study were to monitor the changes in chemical [ moisture, acidity, pH, and water activity (a(w))] and physical (color and texture) parameters of "Terrincho" ewe cheese during 60 d of ripening, and to determine the correlations between the changes in instrumental texture and color parameters and the ripening time of the product. Intravarietal comparison of Terrincho ewe cheese from 5 different dairy plants was performed by evaluation of mechanical parameters from texture profile analysis (TPA) and color parameters in terms of CIELAB color space (L*, a*, and b*). In addition to mechanical and color tests, composition analyses and sensory tests were performed. The results were evaluated with statistical methods (single valued and multivariate analysis). During the first 20 d of ripening, an increase in hardness, fracturability, gumminess, chewiness, and yellowness occurred. Simultaneously, adhesiveness, resilience, L* (inside cheese, "i" and external "e"), and cohesiveness decreased. After 20 d of ripening hardness, fracturability, gumminess, and chewiness decreased and cohesiveness increased. The ripening time of Terrincho cheeses can be estimated with 6 variables: L* (external, e), L* (i), b* (inside cheese, i), hardness, a* (i), chewiness, and a constant. The estimation error was 4.2 d. Evaluation of composition, pH, texture profile analyses, color, and related sensory characteristics of Terrincho cheeses from 5 different dairy plants (with 30 d of ripening) revealed correlations between these parameters.
Subject: Ciências da Saúde, Ciências da saúde
Health sciences, Health sciences
Scientific areas: Ciências médicas e da saúde::Ciências da saúde
Medical and Health sciences::Health sciences
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: restrictedAccess
Appears in Collections:FCNAUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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