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Author(s): Ricardo Jorge Dinis Oliveira
Title: Metabolomics of methadone: clinical and forensic toxicological implications and variability of dose response
Issue Date: 2016
Abstract: Methadone is a full -opioid receptor agonist used in the treatment of heroin addiction. It is commercialized as a racemic mixture with considerable variability in the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics between individuals that can affect dose-response and toxicological profile. This review aims to discuss metabolomics of methadone, namely by presenting all major and minor metabolites and pharmacokinetic drug interactions. The main mechanism for methadone metabolism is hepatic through the cytochrome P450, specifically isoenzymes 2B6, 3A4 and 2D6. Firstly, methadone is N-demethylated and cyclize to form its major 2-ethylidene-1,5-dimethyl-3,3-diphenylpyrrolidine (EDDP) and 2-ethyl-5-methyl-3,3-diphenylpyraline (EMDP) metabolites. Several alternate minor pathways have been described namely various methadol metabolites, which proved to be active.It is expected that knowing the metabolomics of methadone may provide further insights, attempting a personalized therapy aiming to attain effective blood concentrations. The historical record is therefore especially important when investigating clinical and forensic cases related to methadone administration, since interindividual responses are known to vary considerably.
Document Type: Outra Publicação em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: restrictedAccess
Appears in Collections:FMUP - Outra Publicação em Revista Científica Internacional

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