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Author(s): Martinho, Ana Luísa
Parente, Cristina
Title: Which "place and non-place" do women occupy in social economy organisations?
Issue Date: 2015
Abstract: Scientific literature has strengthened the perpetuation of inequality factors in the labour market based on gender, despite the on-going endeavour of various political bodies and legal norms against the vertical and horizontal segregation of women. National and European statistical data shows the relevance and timeless features of theories of market segmentation associated with the labour market dating back to the 70's of the 20th century. Hence, the European Community considers as a priority in the Europe 2020 strategy, the definition of "policies to promote gender equality [...] to increase labour force participation thus adding to growth and social cohesion". If we consider that on the one hand, social economy is fairly recognised to be equated with market actors and the State for its economic and social role in tackling the current crisis, and on the other hand, that the ideals of the sector, systematised in the "Framework Law of Social Economy" (Law no. 30/2013 8th of May), particularly in article 5 proposing "the respect for the values [...] of equality and non-discrimination [...], justice and equity [...]", we aim to reflect on indicators that uncover a vertical and horizontal segregation in the labour market. Departing from a mixed methodological approach (extensive and intensive), subject to the topic of "Social Entrepreneurship in Portugal" in social economy organisations, we detect very high rates of employment feminisation, with a ratio of 1 man (23%) for every 3 women (77%). Women are mainly earmarked for technical and operational activities, arising from the privileged intervention areas, namely education, training, health, elderly, families, poverty, ultimately being underrepresented in statutory boards and, as such, far removed from deliberations and strategic resolutions. This is particularly visible in the existing hierarchy of functions and management practices of the responsibility of male members. Thus, it seems easily verified that the sector is travelling away from the ideals of justice and social equity, which can crystallise the "non-place" of women in the definition of a strategic direction of social economy and in the most invisible/private "place" of the organisational setting.
Subject: Humanidades
Scientific areas: Humanidades
Source: 5ª Conferência Internacional de Pesquisa em Economia Social : CIRIEC 2015
Document Type: Artigo em Livro de Atas de Conferência Internacional
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FLUP - Artigo em Livro de Atas de Conferência Internacional

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