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Author(s): Mónica Rodrigues
Roncon Albuquerque, R
Henriques-Coelho, T
Benedita Sampaio-Maia
Leite-Moreira AF
Pestana M
Title: Morphologic, molecular and hemodynamic cardiac alterations in a model of nephropathy induced by puromycin aminonucleoside [Estudo das alterações morfológicas, moleculares e hemodinâmicas cardíacas no modelo de nefropatia induzida pelo aminonucleosídeo de puromicina]
Issue Date: 2006
Abstract: Introduction: Proteinuria and decreased glomerular filtration rate are assuming increased importance in defining cardiovascular risk in chronic renal insufficiency. The aim of this work was to study morphologic, molecular and hemodynamic cardiac alterations in an animal model of proteinuria and renal insufficiency induced by puromycin aminonucleoside (PAN). Methods: Normotensive rats (n = 14) were injected with PAN (150 mg/kg, ip) or with vehicle. Blood pressure was measured daily and the animals were placed in metabolic cages for evaluation of urinary excretion of sodium, protein and creatinine. Fourteen days after PAN administration left ventricular hemodynamics were evaluated through a pressure tip micromanometer and heart morphology was examined. Transmural samples of left ventricle were then taken for mRNA quantification of SERCA2a, phospholamban (PLB), insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH). Results: The animals treated with PAN presented a decrease in creatinine clearance (14th day: 2.24 ± 0.32 vs. 4.51 ± 1.08 ml/min) and an increase in proteinuria (14th day: 51.0 ± 9.0 vs. 3.8 ± 0.7 mg/mg creatinine), without changes in systolic (14th day: 151 ± 7 vs. 141 ± 6 mmHg) or diastolic blood pressure (14th day: 85 ± 7 vs. 86 ± 3 mmHg). These alterations were accompanied by cardiac atrophy with decreased left ventricular contractility. A reduction in the SERCA2a/PLB mRNA ratio was observed without significant alteration in the expression of IGF-1 in the left ventricle. Conclusions: PAN-induced nephropathy is accompanied by cardiac atrophy, left ventricular dysfunction and alterations in the expression of genes involved in myocardial calcium kinetics. These findings were not accompanied by increases in blood pressure and may contribute to our understanding of the increased cardiovascular risk in chronic renal insufficiency.
Subject: Ciências da Saúde, Ciências médicas e da saúde
Health sciences, Medical and Health sciences
Scientific areas: Ciências médicas e da saúde
Medical and Health sciences
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FMDUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
FMUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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