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Author(s): Pinho, D
Gomes, P
Freire, C
de Castro, B
Title: Ground state modulation in nickel(III) chemistry by controlling axial ligation in complexes with N3O2 pentadentate ligands
Issue Date: 2001
Abstract: The accessibility of the +3 oxidation state for nickel(II) complexes with N3O2 pentadentate Schiff base ligands prepared by condensation of naphthaldehyde or 3,5- dichlorosalicylaldehyde with triamines (Scheme 1) has been assessed in several solvents, by combining cyclic voltammetry and EPR spectroscopy of the oxidised metal complexes. The data show that trien/Metrien-based ligands act in pentadentate fashion and allow for the stabilisation of electrochemically and chemically generated nickel(III) complexes in all solvents used. The complexes, formulated as [(NiL)-L-III(solv)](+), are low-spin and have a (2)A(1), [a d(z)(2) + b d(x)(2)-(2)(y)], ground state, with a greater than or equal to b. For dien-based ligands, steric constraints prevent coordination of the amine nitrogen atom of the pentadentate ligand to the metal centre, thus enforcing a fourfold coordination on the ligand. The resulting complexes can be oxidised to nickel(III) species, but only when using iodine as oxidant, in DMF or (CH3)(2)SO. The complexes are formulated as [(NiL)-L-III(solv)(2)](+), and are low-spin and have a (2)A(1), [a d(z)(2) + b d(x)(2)-(2)(y)], ground state, with a much greater than b. The binding of pyridine and cyanide ion to Ni-III trien/Metrien-base complexes was studied by EPR, The data obtained show that these polydentate ligands provide a flexible coordination sphere, and that by varying the ratio equatorial/axial ligand field it is possible to obtain Ni-III in three different ground states. For pyridine adducts, the same ground state as the parent complex was observed with Metrien-based ligands, while for trien-based ligands an inverted ground state ((2)A(1), [a d(epsilon)(2) + b d(x)(2)-(2)(y)], with a much less than b) was observed, as the latter provides a higher axial ligand field. On the other hand, coordination of cyanide adducts induces a change in the principal molecular axis of the Ni-III complexes, in which the cyanide ions occupy equatorial positions, and in which a (2)A(1), [a d(z)(2) + b d(x)(2)-(2)(y)], ground state, with a much greater than b, is observed.
Subject: Química
Chemical sciences
Scientific areas: Ciências exactas e naturais::Química
Natural sciences::Chemical sciences
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FCUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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