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Author(s): Gomes, P
Giralt, E
Ochoa, W
Verdaguer, N
Andreu, D
Title: Probing degeneracy in antigen-antibody recognition at the immunodominant site of foot-and-mouth disease virus
Issue Date: 2002
Abstract: Antigen-antibody binding is regarded as one of the most representative examples of specific molecular recognition in nature. The simplistic view of antigenic recognition in terms of a lock-and-key mechanism is obsolete, as it is evident that both antigens and antibodies are flexible and can undergo substantial mutual adaptation. This flexibility is the source of complexities such as degeneracy and nonadditivity in antigenic recognition. We have used surface plasmon resonance to study the effects of combining multiple amino acid replacements within the sequence of the antigenic GH loop of foot-and-mouth disease virus, Our aim was 2-fold: to explore the extent to which antigenic degeneracy can be extended in this particular case, and to search for potential nonadditive effects in introducing multiple amino acid replacements. Combined Spain analysis of one such multiply substituted peptide by SPR, solution NMR and X-ray diffraction shows that antigenic degeneracy can be expected as long as residues directly interacting with the paratope are conserved and the peptide bioactive folding is unaltered.
Subject: Ciências biológicas
Biological sciences
Scientific areas: Ciências exactas e naturais::Ciências biológicas
Natural sciences::Biological sciences
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FCUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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