Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Author(s): Kozlowska, Katarzina
Szczecinska, Anna
Roszkowski, W.
Brzozowska, A.
Afonso, Claudia
Fjellstrom, C.
Morais, Cecília
Nielsen, N.
Pfau, C.
Sidenvall, B.
Turrini, Aida
Raats, Monique
Lumbers, Margaret
The food in later life project team
Title: Patterns of healthy lifestyle and positive health attitudes in older europeans.
Issue Date: 2008
Abstract: Objectives: To determine (i) the extent to which recommended lifestyle healthy behaviors are adoptedand the existence of positive attitudes to health; (ii) the relative influence of socio-demographic variables onmultiple healthy lifestyle behaviors and positive attitudes to health; (iii) the association between healthy lifestylebehaviors and positive attitudes to health. Design: two distinct healthy behavioral measures were developed: (i)healthy lifestyles based on physical activity, no cigarette smoking, no/moderate alcohol drinking, maintaining a"healthy" weight and having no sleeping problems and (ii) positive health attitudes based on having positiveemotional attitudes, such as: self-perceived good health status, being calm, peaceful and happy for most of thetime, not expecting health to get worse and regular health check-ups. A composite healthy lifestyle index, rangingfrom 0 (none of behaviors met) to 5 (all behaviors met) was calculated by summing up the individual's scores forthe five healthy lifestyle items. Afterwards, each individual's index was collapsed into three levels: 0-2equivalent to 'level 1' (subjectively regarded as 'too low'), a score of 3 equivalent to 'level 2' ('fair') and 4-5 as'level 3' satisfactory 'healthy lifestyle' practices. The same procedure was applied to the positive health attitudesindex. Multinomial logistic regression analyses by a forward selection procedure were used to calculate theadjusted odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (95% CI). Participants: a multi-national sampleconsisting of 638 older Europeans from 8 countries, aged 65-74 and 75+, living alone or with others. Results andconclusions: maintaining a "healthy" weight was the most frequently cited factor in the healthy lifestyles indexand therefore assumed to be the most important to the older Europeans in the study; positive attitudes to healthwere relatively low; participants achieved a 'satisfactory' level for healthy lifestyles index (level 3) morefrequently than a satisfactory level for positive attitudes to health; having a satisfactory 'healthy lifestyle' wasdirectly related to having a satisfactory level of positive attitudes to health based on the positive health attitudesindex; income and geographical location in Europe appeared to be key predictors for meeting both therecommended healthy lifestyle factors in the index and having positive health attitudes however, the compositionand nature of the study sample should be taken into consideration when considering the impact of the location onhealthy lifestyles and attitudes to health across Europe.
Subject: Ciências da Saúde, Outras ciências médicas
Health sciences, Other medical sciences
Scientific areas: Ciências médicas e da saúde::Outras ciências médicas
Medical and Health sciences::Other medical sciences
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FCNAUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
47344.pdf296.13 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

This item is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons