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Author(s): Suely Santana
Jorge Negreiros
Title: Consumo de álcool e depressão em jovens portugueses
Issue Date: 2008
Abstract: Alcohol consumption and depression have been investigated through the AUDIT and BDI scales. 484 students have participated in this study; 283 attended secondary school and 199 were college students, of both genders (299 women, 185 men). Their average age was 18.85 + 2.93, between 15 and 30 years old. The results of the AUDIT (n=478) indicate that 92%, of these students show an abstinence/normal consumption pattern and that 8% have developed a high-risk consumption pattern. Among the latter, 82.5% were considered to have high-risk consumption patterns, 10% to have harmful consumption patterns and7.5% to have alcohol dependence. The high-risk consumption was especially strong among boys (52%), university students (61%) and young people from 20 to 24 years (59%). The harmful consumption prevailed among boys (100%), university students (100%) and young people from 20 to 24 years old (100%). Dependence was significant among boys (100%), secondary school students (67%) and teenagers from 15 to 19 years (67%). A significant correlation was found betweenalcohol use, gender variables (r = -.190, p < .01), age (r = .147; p < .01) and schooling (r = .186, p <. 01). The results of BDI (n = 420) showed 9% of dysphoria or depression. There was a significant correlation between the results of BDI with gender (r = .149; p < .01) and alcohol use (r = .118; p < .05). We discuss the influence of this relationship in the positive social djustment and the strategies to promote health in young people.
Description: O consumo de álcool e a depressão foram investigados através das escalas AUDIT e BDI. Participaram no estudo 484 alunos do ensino secundário (n=283) e do ensino superior (n=199) de ambos os sexos (299 feminino, 185 masculino). A média de idade foi de 18.85 + 2.93, entre 15-30 anos. Os resultados do AUDIT (n=478) indicaram que 92% dos estudantes apresentaram abstinência/consumo normal e 8% um consumo de risco. Entre estes últimos, 82.5% situaram-se na zona de risco, 10% na zona prejudicial e 7.5% na zona de dependência.O consumo de risco foi predominante nos rapazes (52%), universitários (61%) e na faixa etária dos 20-24 anos (59%). O consumo prejudicial prevaleceu nos rapazes (100%), universitários (100%) e jovens com idades entre os 20-24 anos (100%). A dependência foi expressiva entre rapazes (100%), alunos do secundário (67%) e jovens de 15-19 anos (67%). Encontrou-se uma correlação significativa entre consumo de álcool e as variáveis género (r = -.190, p < .01), faixa etária (r = .147, p < .01) e escolaridade (r = .186, p < .01). Os resultados do BDI (n=420) indicaram 9% de disforia ou depressão. Verificou-se umacorrelação significativa entre os resultados do BDI com género (r = .149, p < .01) e consumo alcoólico (r = .118, p < .05). Discute-se a influência desta relação na adaptação social positiva e no desenvolvimento de estratégias para promover a saúde dos jovens.
Subject: Psicologia
Scientific areas: Ciências sociais::Psicologia
Social sciences::Psychology
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Nacional
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FPCEUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Nacional

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