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Author(s): Raquel Pinho
Miguel Correia
João Manuel R. S. Tavares
Title: Tracking features with Kalman filtering, Mahalanobis distance and a management model
Issue Date: 2007
Abstract: Feature tracking is a complex problem whose automatic detection and execution evolved considerably in the recent past, especially due its wide range of applications, for instance in surveillance, object deformation analysis, traffic monitoring. Many of such applications require simultaneous tracking of multiple features, and also involve problems related to their appearance and disappearance of the image scene.A key component of a successful tracking system is its ability to search efficiently for the feature [1]. For the tracking system to perform properly, the most likely measured potential target location should be used to update the targets state estimator. This is generally known as the data association problem. The probability of the given measurement being correct can be a distance function between the predicted state of the target and the measured state. This becomes especially important for targets that may come close to each other or even overlap, such as people.An approach uses assignment algorithms, which were recently shown to be effective in data association for target tracking in the presence of noise. In this case, data association is formulated as a constrained optimization problem, where the cost function to be minimized is, usually, a combined likelihood function evaluated using the results from the state estimator. The state is usually constrained by position and/or velocity and the assignment by physical constraints, for example, only one measurement for a track and vice-versa [2].On the other hand, to track the captured movement the Kalman filter is a widespread technique for feature tracking, but it has recently been substituted by particle filters [3]. The Kalman filter rests on the assumption that the disturbances and initial state vector are normally distributed, and it is shown that the obtained mean of the conditional distribution of a state is an optimal estimator in the sense that it minimizes the mean square error. If the normality assumption is dropped there is no guarantee that the Kalman filter will give the conditional mean of the state vector. So, other filters have been proposed, but they reveal some problems too as well as high computational cost [3].
Subject: Engenharia
Document Type: Artigo em Livro de Atas de Conferência Internacional
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FEUP - Artigo em Livro de Atas de Conferência Internacional

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