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Author(s): António Pereira
Pedro Duarte
Luís Paulo Reis
Title: Agent-based ecological model calibration: on the edge of a new approach
Issue Date: 2004
Abstract: In every mathematical model, parameters regulate the behaviour of equations describing temporal and spatial changes of model state variables and their interactions. Generally, there is some uncertainty associated with each parameter. Model calibration is performed by comparing observed with predicted data and it is a crucial phase in the modelling process. Its an iterative and interactive task in which, after each simulation, the modeller analyses the results and performs changes on one or more equations parameters trying to tune the model. This tuning procedure is a hard and tedious work requir-ing a good understanding of the effects of different pa-rameters over the available variables. Automatic calibration procedures, based on systematic and exhaustive generation of parameter vectors and using several convergence methods, are available but they re-quire a large number of model runs and are, therefore, not applicable to very complex ecosystem models demanding large computational times. A possible alternative may be to develop a self-learning tool that simulates the learning process of the modeller about the simulated system. The purpose of this paper is to present a new approach to ecological model calibration an agent-based software. This agent works on three stages: (i) It builds a matrix that synthesizes the inter-variable relationships; (ii) It analyses the steady-state sensitivity of different variables to different parameters; (iii) It runs the model iteratively and measures model lack of fit, adequacy and reliability. Stage (iii) continues until some convergence criteria are attained. At each iteration, the agent knows from (i) and (ii), which parameters are most likely to produce the desired shift on predicted results.
Subject: Engenharia de simulação, Exploração sustentável
Simulation engineering, Exploração sustentável
Source: International Conference on Knowledge Engineering and Decision Support
Document Type: Artigo em Livro de Atas de Conferência Internacional
Rights: restrictedAccess
Appears in Collections:FEUP - Artigo em Livro de Atas de Conferência Internacional

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