Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/10216/22133
Author(s): Costa, Cilénia Baldaia Enes da
Title: Factores do hospedeiro na terapeûtica antiviral da Hepatite C crónica
Publisher: Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade do Porto
FMUP
Issue Date: 2011-02-07
Abstract: Chronic hepatitis C (HC) is a major public health problem because of the number of infected persons (3% of the world population and about 150000 Portuguese individuals) and the potencial to cause cirrhosis, end-stage liver disease, and hepatocelular carcinoma in many of those infected. The most effective treatment (pegylated interferon and ribavirin) has variable response rates, between 45 e 80%, and major side effects. Treatment duration depends on viral genotype and virological response after the first 12 weeks on therapy. Genotype and viral load are independent factors of response. However, the question is why hosts infected with same genotype and similar viral loads have different treatment response rates. Genotype 1, high viral load, higher quasispecies diversity, NS5A interferon determining sensitivity domain variations was associated with lower responses. Others identified host factors for therapy response such as race, gene expression, HLA-DRB and class I alleles and cytokine gene polymorphisms as interferon- , TNF- , interferon response genes. Gene expression analysis by microarrays found 8 genes as response discriminants. Pre-treatment cytokine and supressors of cytokine levels may also correlate with treatment response. Our aim was to analyse if host genetic polymorphisms related to Th1 immune response polarization, hepatic lesion mechanisms and signaling after TCR activation or IFN signaling - OPN, TNF- , ACP1 respectivelly could explain different treatment responses. We also analysed healthy individuals and correlated OPN plasma levels and OPN genotypes. Patients with HCV genotype 1 and 4 were included. Matherial: 95 patients treated with pegylated interferon and ribavirin were selected. Control group included healthy blood donors. HC group was classified according to treatment response type: non responders (NR); end of treatment response and relapse (RR); Sustained response (SR). Absence of SR (NSR) = NR+RR. Methods: Blood was collected for DNA and plasma extraction. Genetic polymorphisms were performed by PCR-RFLP: 8090 OPN (C/T), -308 TNF- (A/G), ACP1 (A/B/C). Plasma OPN concentrations measured by ELISA commercial Kit. Statistical analysis: SPSS vs13. Results: OPN and ACP1 genotype distribution was signifficantly different in subjects with HC in comparison with those of control group. OPN TT genotype, TNF- GG, ACP1 AA and AB are more frequent in HC group. OR for HC was : 2,22 if OPN TT genotype, 1,57 if TNF- AA or AG, and 9,99 if ACP1 with lower phosphatasic activity. 87 CHC patients were infected by genotype 1 virus and 8 by genotype 4. According to treatment response HC subgroups are: 43 NR, 16 RR, 36 SR and 59 NSR. No significant differences were observed between those groups concerning age, sex, viral load, histological activity and fibrosis stages. OPN TT allele carriers predominate in NSR and CC predominate in SR. OR for SR versus NSR is 3,32 if one T allele is present and 0,29 if one C allele is present. TNF- and ACP1 genotypes were not significantly different is those treatment response subgroups. NSR has lower median plasma OPN levels. Also TT genotypes had lower levels. RR patients had the lowest levels plasma OPN levels. Conclusions: our results suggest that both OPN and ACP1 genotypes are related to HC susceptibility. OPN genotype is a host factor related to treatment response and that there is a trend toward higher median plasma OPN levels in responders.
Description: Mestrado em Medicina e Oncologia Molecular
Master Degree Course in Molecular and Oncology Medicine
Subject: Medicina e Oncologia Molecular
Porto
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10216/22133
Document Type: Dissertação
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FMUP - Dissertação

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