Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Author(s): Costa, SA
Vilela, S
Correia, D
Severo, M
Lopes, C
Torres, Duarte
Title: Consumption of packaged foods by the Portuguese population: type of materials and its associated factors
Issue Date: 2021
Abstract: Purpose This study aims to evaluate in the Portuguese population the consumption of packaged food (PF) vs non-packaged food, the associated factors and to estimate the contribution of specific food groups to the use of packaging materials. Design/methodology/approach A representative sample of the population was evaluated within the National Food, Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey 2015-2016 (n = 5,811, 3 months-84y). Dietary data were collected by two non-consecutive food diaries (children) or 24-h recalls, using a software program which integrates FoodEx2-Food classification system. Food packaging materials were measured according to the amount of PF by linear regression. The results were analyzed considering the distribution of the Portuguese population. Findings The reported amount of PF was 1,530 g/person/day (57%), in which PF in plastic was the most reported (69%), mainly associated with "Non-alcoholic beverages" (38%). "Fruit and vegetables" food group is most frequently reported without a package (35%). Men consumed significantly more quantity of PF for all materials, excepted for "paperboard/paper", but also significantly more quantity of food without a package (beta = 135.3 [95%IC: 63.7; 207.0]). Children and adolescents consumed more quantity of PF in multilayer materials (beta = 177.8 [95%IC: 154.8; 200.9]) and significantly less quantity of food without a package (beta = -343.8 [95%IC: -408.9; -278.6]). Also, more educated people consume more food without a package (beta = 106.9 [95%IC: 33.2; 180.7]). Originality/value The Portuguese population presents a large consumption of PF. Male population and adults were identified as groups with higher consumption of PF.
Subject: Ciências da Saúde, Ciências médicas e da saúde
Health sciences, Medical and Health sciences
Scientific areas: Ciências médicas e da saúde
Medical and Health sciences
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: restrictedAccess
Appears in Collections:FCNAUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
  Restricted Access
139.46 kBAdobe PDF    Request a copy from the Author(s)

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.