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Author(s): Teixeira, B
Afonso, Cláudia
Sousa, Ana
Guerra, Rita
Santos, Alejandro
Borges, Nuno
Moreira, Pedro
Padrão, Patrícia
Amaral, Teresa
Title: Adherence to a Mediterranean Dietary Pattern status and associated factors among Portuguese older adults: Results from the Nutrition UP 65 cross-sectional study
Issue Date: 2019
Abstract: Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate adherence to the Mediterranean dietary pattern (MDP) and its associated factors in older Portuguese adults. Methods: A cross-sectional observational study was designed. In the context of the Nutrition UP 65 study, a national cluster sample of 1407 Portuguese individuals 65 y of age was analyzed. Adherence to the MDP was evaluated with the Portuguese version of the Prevention with Mediterranean Diet tool. The association between an individual's characteristics and adherence to the MDP was analyzed through hierarchical logistic regression analysis. Results: In this study, 43% of participants adhered to the MDP (n = 609). Higher educational level (odds ratio [OR], 2.38; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.543.69), living in the center (OR, 1.35; 95% CI, 1.011.79), being married or living in a common-law marriage (OR, 1.54; 95% CI, 1.201.97), and body mass index (OR preobese , 1.52; 95% CI, 1.022.25) were related with increased odds of adherence to the MDP. Otherwise, lower adherence to the MDP was found for participants who were 80 y of age (OR, 0.70; 95% CI, 0.520.94), who lived in Madeira (OR, 0.35; 95% CI, 0.140.89) and Azores (OR, 0.28; 95% CI, 0.080.99), who rated their health as moderate (OR, 0.65; 95% CI, 0.500.84) or as bad or very bad (OR, 0.63; 95% CI, 0.450.90), and those who reported six or more comorbidities (OR, 0.62; 95% CI, 0.390.97). Conclusions: Of the sample, 57% did not adhere to the Mediterranean diet. Potentially modifiable factors associated with lower adherence to the MDP were lower educational and health status. (c) 2019 Elsevier Inc.
Subject: Ciências da Saúde, Ciências médicas e da saúde
Health sciences, Medical and Health sciences
Scientific areas: Ciências médicas e da saúde
Medical and Health sciences
Related Information: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/Mecanismo Financeiro do Espaço Económico Europeu/EEA GRANTS/40NU5/Projeto Nutrition UP 65 | nutritional strategies facing an older demography/NUTRITION UP 65
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: restrictedAccess
Appears in Collections:FCNAUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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