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Author(s): Jorge M A Oliveira
Mika B Jekabsons
Sylvia Chen
Amy Lin
Cristina C Rego
Jorge Goncalves
Lisa M Ellerby
David G Nicholls
Title: Mitochondrial dysfunction in Huntington's disease: the bioenergetics of isolated and in situ mitochondria from transgenic mice
Issue Date: 2007
Abstract: Mitochondrial dysfunction is believed to participate in Huntington's disease (HD) pathogenesis. Here we compare the bioenergetic behavior of forebrain mitochondria isolated from different transgenic HD mice (R6/2, YAC128 and Hdh150 knock-in) and wild-type littermates with the first determination of in situ respiratory parameters in intact HD striatal neurons. We assess the Ca2+-loading capacity of isolated mitochondria by steady Ca2+-infusion. Mitochondria from R6/2 mice (12-13 weeks) and 12 months YAC128, but not homozygous or heterozygous Hdh150 knock-in mice (15-17 weeks), exhibit increased Ca2+-loading capacity when compared with respective wild-type littermates. In situ mitochondria in intact striatal neurons show high respiratory control. Moreover, moderate expression of full-length mutant huntingtin (in Hdh150 knock-in heterozygotes) does not significantly impair mitochondrial respiration in unstimulated neurons. However, when challenged with energy-demanding stimuli (NMDA-receptor activation in pyruvate-based media to accentuate the mitochondria role in Ca2+-handling), Hdh150 neurons are more vulnerable to Ca2+-deregulation than neurons from their wild-type littermates. These results stress the importance of assessing HD mitochondrial function in the cellular context.
Subject: Medicina básica
Basic medicine
Scientific areas: Ciências médicas e da saúde::Medicina básica
Medical and Health sciences::Basic medicine
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FFUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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