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Author(s): Vera V Pinto
Maria Jose Ferreira
Ricardo Silva
Helder A Santos
Silva, F
Carlos M Pereira
Title: Long time effect on the stability of silver nanoparticles in aqueous medium: Effect of the synthesis and storage conditions
Issue Date: 2010
Abstract: Silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs, similar to 5 nm) were prepared, in presence of citrate, by borohydride reduction and characterized by UVvis and TEM images. Different experimental conditions were used in order to induce changes in the size distribution of the Ag NPs and to study the effect of those experimental conditions on the long range stability of the Ag NPs. The stability of the Ag NP solutions was studied for a period of 1 year. The effect of the storage conditions was studied. After preparation, each of the Ag NP solutions was divided and part of it was stored, in dark. at 4.0 +/- 2.0 degrees C and the other part at 23.0 +/- 2.0 degrees C. Both UV-vis and TEM techniques were used to follow the changes observed in the Ag NP solutions. The Ag NP solutions stored at room temperature show more dramatic changes in UV-vis spectra's evolution comparing with those stored at 4.0 +/- 2.0 degrees C. The use of lower BH(4)(-)/Ag(+) ratio promotes the formation of Ag NPs with various shapes and sizes during the storage time.
Subject: Química
Chemical sciences
Scientific areas: Ciências exactas e naturais::Química
Natural sciences::Chemical sciences
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: restrictedAccess
Appears in Collections:FCUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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