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Author(s): Diana Pinho
Clara Quintas
Filipa Sardo
Teresa Magalhaes Cardoso
Gloria Queiroz
Title: Purinergic modulation of norepinephrine release and uptake in rat brain cortex: contribution of glial cells
Issue Date: 2013
Abstract: The pathogenesis of psychiatric and neurodegenerative diseases is often associated with a deregulation of noradrenergic transmission. Considering the potential involvement of purinergic signaling in the modulation of noradrenergic transmission in the brain cortex, this study aimed to identify the P2Y receptor subtypes involved in the modulation of neuronal release and neuronal/glial uptake of norepinephrine. Electrical stimulation (100 pulses at 5 Hz) of rat cortical slices induced norepinephrine release that was inhibited by ATP and ADP (0.01-1 mM), adenosine 5'-O-(2-thiodiphosphate) (ADP beta S, 0.03-0.3 mM), and UDP (0.1-1 mM). The effect of ADP beta S was mediated by P2Y(1) receptors and possibly by A(1)/P2Y(1) heterodimers since it was attenuated by the A 1 receptor antagonist DPCPX and by the P2Y(1) receptor antagonist MRS 2500 but was resistant to the effect of adenosine deaminase (ADA). UDP inhibited norepinephrine release through activation of P2Y(6) receptors, an effect that was abolished by the P2Y(6) receptor antagonist MRS 2578 and by DPCPX, indicating that it depends on the formation and/or release of adenosine and activation of A(1) receptors. Supporting this hypothesis, the inhibitory effect of UDP was also prevented by inhibition of ectonucleotidases, by ADA and was attenuated by the inhibitor of nucleoside transporter 6-[(4-nitrobenzyl)thio]-9-beta-D-ribofuranosylpurine (NBTI). Additionally, the inhibitory effect of UDP was attenuated when norepinephrine uptake 1 or 2 was inhibited. In astroglial cultures, ADP beta S and UDP increased norepinephrine uptake mainly by activation of P2Y(1) and P2Y(6) receptors, respectively. The results indicate that neuronal and glial P2Y(1) and P2Y(6) receptors may represent new targets of intervention to regulate noradrenergic transmission in CNS diseases.
Subject: Medicina básica
Basic medicine
Scientific areas: Ciências médicas e da saúde::Medicina básica
Medical and Health sciences::Basic medicine
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: restrictedAccess
Appears in Collections:FFUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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