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Author(s): Catarina Petisca
Trinidad Perez Palacios
Olivia Pinho
Isabel M P L V O Ferreira
Title: Optimization and Application of a HS-SPME-GC-MS Methodology for Quantification of Furanic Compounds in Espresso Coffee
Issue Date: 2014
Abstract: A headspace solid-phase microextraction gas chromatography (GC)-mass spectrometry (MS) method previously optimized for analyses of volatiles in coffee was used for simultaneous quantification of major furanic compounds (2-furfural, furfuryl alcohol, 5-methylfurfural and furfuryl acetate) and furan, in espresso coffee prepared from hermetically closed capsules. High sensitivity was achieved with low limits of detection and limits of quantification. Good linearity was observed with correlation coefficients higher than 0.999. Recovery percentages were 102 % for furan, 99.7 % for 2-furfural, 98.0 % for furfuryl alcohol, 99.8 % for 5-methylfurfural and 99.9 % for furfuryl acetate. The method was applied to the analyses of espresso coffee from hermetically closed capsules. A total of 69 volatiles for Blend Roast and Blend Dark Roast samples, 64 volatiles for Arabica Dark Roast samples, 91 volatiles for Arabica Light Roast samples, 96 volatiles for Caramel coffee, 90 volatiles for Vanilla coffee and 92 volatiles for Almond coffee. In general, furanic compounds were the major chemical family, ketones, aldehydes, acids, pyrazines, pyrroles, alcohols, pyridines, aromatic compounds, hydrocarbons, and ethers were also detected. Total content of these furanic compounds varied from 105 to 199 mu g ml(-1). The optimized method proved to be a reliable methodology for quantification of major furanic compounds and furan present in different types of espresso coffee. Although relative percentage of peak area is a good method for discriminate volatiles in different coffee brews with closer composition, the quantification of furanic compounds is more accurate for understand the real intake amount.
Subject: Ciências da Saúde, Outras ciências agrárias
Health sciences, Other Agrarian Sciences
Scientific areas: Ciências agrárias::Outras ciências agrárias
Agrarian Sciences::Other Agrarian Sciences
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: restrictedAccess
Appears in Collections:FFUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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