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Author(s): Pais, Celso
Parente, Cristina
Title: Representations of team work among organizations with a social entrepreneurship profile : a multiple case-study
Issue Date: 2015
Abstract: Purpose - The purpose of this article is to show how work-teams are represented and work in non-pro t organizations. From a theoretical point of view, the concepts of macro-team and micro-team, as well as their dynamics rooted in the entrepreneurial world have been discussed.Design/methodology/approach - Seven socially enterprising organizations have been studied through semi-structured individual and collective interviews with managers, technicians with and without supervisory functions and workers. Data discussed here underwent an inductive analysisbased on the procedures of grounded theory. Findings - Data analysis supported the outlining of the interviewees' representations of theirbelonging to the macro-team and of the working of micro-teams. There seem to be no signi cant differences between the way teams work in these organizations and in pro t-making organizations. However, in the organizations we have analyzed, autonomous planning of activities as a mechanism of work organization and assertiveness as a fundamental communication tool between members stand out. Research limitations/implications - This research did not include the systematic observation of work teams in the eld. As such, reliability may be somehow compromised due to the use of the individual and group interview as the single data collection technique. Practical implications - The outline of representations that we have designed points to a set of dimensions that shows, with some reliability, how to build a sense of belonging to the macro-team among the workers of this type of organization. It also clari es the difference between behaviors that foster effective and ineffective micro-teams. This allows action over the latter to potentiate the rst andeventually eliminate the second. Originality/value - Considering the scarce research about team-work in non-pro t organizations, this study offers a groundbreaking re!ection. Further ahead, one may establish a set of differences and similarities between effective macro and micro-teams in different economic sectors. This way, this study may contribute to more encompassing organizational theories focused on the representationsabout and the functioning of macro and micro-teams.
Subject: Ciências sociais
Social sciences
Scientific areas: Ciências sociais
Social sciences
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: restrictedAccess
Appears in Collections:FLUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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