Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Author(s): Marzieh Moeenfard
José Avelino Silva
Nuno Borges
Alejandro Santos
Arminda Alves
Title: Quantification of Diterpenes and their Palmitate Esters in Coffee Brews by HPLC-DAD
Issue Date: 2015
Abstract: The present paper aimed the optimization of the saponification and extraction of diterpenes from coffee brews using a simple methodology based on HPLC-DAD, as well as to quantify the diterpenes and their palmitate esters content in several coffee brews. Regarding cafestol and kahweol, the best conditions to maximize total extraction yield were achieved through the direct saponification of 2.5 mL of coffee brew along with 3.00 g of potassium hydroxide (KOH) in a water bath (80 ºC). The proposed method consists in two sequential extractions using diethyl ether followed by a clean-up with 5 mL of 2 M NaCl solution prior to HPLC-DAD analysis to eliminate soap and co-eluting interferences. Cafestol and kahweol palmitates also were quantified using the same procedure, but without the saponification step. The proposed methods exhibited high accuracy (average recovery of 85%) and linearity (R2>0.999) and good precision (%CV<5%) with low limit of detection (less than 0.25 mg/L) and limit of quantification (less than 0.70 mg/L). Comparison of different brewing techniques revealed that capsule coffee with individual cup size of 50 mL contained the highest cafestol (1.85 mg/cup) and kahweol (2.75 mg/cup) concentration. In contrast, the lowest values of diterpenes were found in filter coffee (0.1 mg cafestol and 0.03 mg kahweol/200 mL). The higher and lower values of palmitate esters were also obtained from capsule and filter coffee, respectively. The proposed methods were simple, time saving and require low solvent consumption for quantification of diterpenes and their palmitate esters in various types of coffee brews.
Subject: Ciência da nutrição, Biotecnologia agrária e alimentar
Nutritional sciences, Agricultural biotechnology
Scientific areas: Ciências agrárias::Biotecnologia agrária e alimentar
Agrarian Sciences::Agricultural biotechnology
Related Information: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/FCT - Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia/Projetos Estratégicos/UID/EQU/00511/2013 - POCI-01-0145-FEDER-006939/Laboratório de Engenharia de Processos, Ambiente, Biotecnologia e Energia/LEPABE
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: restrictedAccess
Appears in Collections:FCNAUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
FEUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
  Restricted Access
Artigo original publicado640.31 kBAdobe PDF    Request a copy from the Author(s)
93798.1.pdfPost-Print version864.29 kBAdobe PDFThumbnail

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.