Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10216/92719
Author(s): Pedro A Reis
Maria Antonia Salgado
Vitor Vasconcelos
Title: Barnacles as biomonitors of metal contamination in coastal waters
Issue Date: 2011
Abstract: The use of barnacles as biomonitors of metal contamination in coastal waters worldwide is reviewed as a critique compilation of the reported studies and presents resume-tables of available data for future reference. The barnacle body reflects both short and long-term metal level environmental variations and the metal bioaccumulation occurs mainly in their granules (relatively inactive pools). The barnacle body is considered as good biomonitoring material and different barnacle species could bioaccumulate metal concentration ranges of 40-153,000 mu g/g of Zn, 20-22,230 mu g/g de Fe, 1.5-21,800 mu g/g of Cu, 5.9 -4742 mu g/g of Mn, 0.1-1000 mu g/g of Pb, 0.7-330 mu g/g of Cd, 0.4-99 mu g/g of Ni and 0.2-49 mu g/g of Cr. However, as the plates ('shells') of barnacle exoskeletons can be affected by metal levels in coastal waters, mainly in their composition and morphology, they are not considered good biomonitoring material. Despite this, the use of a specific barnacle species or group of species in a specific region must firstly be carefully validated and the interpretation of the contaminant bioaccumulation levels should involve specific environmental variations of the region, physiological parameters of the barnacle species and the relationship between the potential toxicity of the contaminant for the environment and their significance for the barnacle species. Barnacles, particularly a widespread cosmopolitan species such as Amphibalanus amphitrite, have a great potential as biomonitors of anthropogenic contamination in coastal waters and have been used worldwide, including Europe (United Kingdom, Turkey, Poland, Croatia, Spain and Portugal), Asia (India and China), Oceania (Australia), North America (Florida, Massachusetts and Mexico) and South America (Brazil). The use of barnacle species as biomonitors of metal contamination in coastal waters is considered an important and valuable tool to evaluate and predict the ecological quality of an ecosystem.
Subject: Ciências da terra e ciências do ambiente
Earth and related Environmental sciences
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10216/92719
Document Type: Outra Publicação em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: restrictedAccess
Appears in Collections:ICBAS - Outra Publicação em Revista Científica Internacional
FCUP - Outra Publicação em Revista Científica Internacional

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