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Author(s): A. Afonso
M. A. Alves
R. J. Poole
P. J. Oliveira
F. T. Pinho
Title: A novel microfluidic mixing element for viscoelastic fluids
Issue Date: 2008
Abstract: The flow visualizations of viscoelastic flows in the mixing-separating geometry of Cochrane et al. [1] showed provocative flow features that inspired the current numerical research using the upper-convected Maxwell (UCM) model. The effects of Deborah (De) and Reynolds (Re) numbers and gap size were analyzed in depth in this two-dimensional flow investigation. The normalized gap size was varied between 0 and 5, Re varied between 0 and 50 and De was varied between 0 and the maximum attainable value. The creeping flow of Newtonian fluids is always anti-symmetric, due to the anti-symnietry of the inlet conditions and the symmetry of the flow geometry. The increase in the gap size leads to an increase in the reversed flow rate ratio (R,), here defined as the ratio between the reversed and total flow rates, an effect enhanced only for Re >= 5. The creeping flow of UCM fluids however, showed two distinct flow patterns. For normalized gap sizes below a critical value the reversed flow is slightly enhanced by viscoelasticity, followed by a strong decrease in R, towards zero as De further increase, whereas for a supercritical gap size viscoelasticity is responsible for a continuous increase in R,. For near-critical flow geometries it was possible to observe a sudden jump between the two flow conditions at slightly different Deborah numbers, thus suggesting the possibility to use such geometry as a micro-mixer for viscoelastic fluids if the imposed flow rates are made time periodic to enhance an oscillation between flow patterns. At low Reynolds numbers the dependence of flow pattern on gap size and Deborah number still exhibits the described double behavior, but inertia naturally enhances the straight flow case and at Re = 5, R-r always decreases with Deborah number for the investigated gap sizes.
Subject: Engenharia química, Engenharia mecânica, Física
Chemical engineering, Mechanical engineering, Physical sciences
Scientific areas: Ciências exactas e naturais::Física
Natural sciences::Physical sciences
Document Type: Artigo em Livro de Atas de Conferência Internacional
Rights: restrictedAccess
Appears in Collections:FEUP - Artigo em Livro de Atas de Conferência Internacional

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