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Author(s): Mónica Sousa
Maria J. Fernandes
Pedro Carvalho
José Soares
Pedro Moreira
Vitor Hugo Teixeira
Title: Nutritional supplements use in high-performance athletes is related with lower nutritional inadequacy from food
Issue Date: 2016
Abstract: BackgroundThe use of nutritional supplements (NS) among athletes is widespread. However, little is known about the relationship between nutritional adequacy and NS usage. The aims of this study were to evaluate the NS usage and to compare the nutritional intake from food and prevalence of micronutrient inadequacy (PMI) between NS users and non-users.MethodsPortuguese athletes from 13 sports completed an NS usage questionnaire and a semi-quantitative food-frequency questionnaire assessing information over the previous 12 months. The estimated average requirement cut-point method was used to calculate PMI. General linear models were used to compare nutritional intake and NS usage. Chi-squared tests and logistic regression were performed to study, respectively, relationships and associations between PMI and NS usage.ResultsFrom the 244 athletes (66% males, 1337 years), 64% reported NS usage. After adjustment, NS users showed a higher intake from food (p < 0.05), for at least one gender, for energy, and for seven of the 17 studied nutrients. The highest PMI were seen for vitamins D and E, calcium, folate, and magnesium. After adjustment, NS users, irrespective of gender, reported lower PMI for calcium (OR 0.28, 95%CI 0.12, 0.65), and female users for magnesium (OR 0.06, 95%CI 0.00, 0.98).ConclusionAthletes using NS reported a higher nutritional intake from food, and a lower PMI for several nutrients. Perhaps, those who were taking NS were probably the ones who would least benefit from it.KeywordsCarbohydrates; Minerals; Proteins; Sport; Vitamins
Subject: Ciências da Saúde, Ciências médicas e da saúde
Health sciences, Medical and Health sciences
Scientific areas: Ciências médicas e da saúde
Medical and Health sciences
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: restrictedAccess
Appears in Collections:FADEUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
FCNAUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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