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Author(s): Figueiredo Silva, A
Rocha, E
Dias, J
Silva, P
Rema, P
Gomes, E
Valente, LMP
Title: Partial replacement of fish oil by soybean oil on lipid distribution and liver histology in European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) and rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) juveniles
Issue Date: 2005
Abstract: A 12-week feeding trial was conducted to evaluate the effects of fish oil replacement by soybean oil, on lipid distribution and liver histology of two commercially important finfish species: rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) and European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax). Sea bass (16.2 +/- 0.5 g; mean +/- SD) and rainbow trout (52.1 +/- 0.5 g) juveniles were fed one of three isonitrogenous (500 g kg(-1) CP) and isoenergetic (19 kJ g(-1)) diets, containing 0% (control, diet A), 25% (diet B) and 50% (diet C) soybean oil. At the end of the experiment, lipid deposition was evaluated in muscle, liver and viscera. Cholesterol and triglycerides levels were also determined in plasma. Tissue total, neutral and polar lipid composition (g kg(-1) total lipids) showed no significant differences within species, regardless the dietary treatment. The same trend was observed for plasma parameters (P > 0.05). Viscera were the preferential tissue of lipid deposition, with 252-276 and 469-513 g kg(-1) total lipid content in trout and sea bass, respectively. Dietary fish oil replacement had no effect on either hepatic lipid droplets accumulation or degree and pattern of vacuolization in the observed liver sections. These data suggest that both sea bass and trout can be fed diets containing up to 50% soybean oil without adverse effects on tissue lipid composition or liver histology.
Subject: Agricultura, silvicultura e pescas
Agriculture, Forestry, and Fisheries
Scientific areas: Ciências agrárias::Agricultura, silvicultura e pescas
Agrarian Sciences::Agriculture, Forestry, and Fisheries
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:ICBAS - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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