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Author(s): Paula Silva
Maria J Rocha
Catarina Cruzeiro
Fernanda Malhao
Bruno Reis
Ralph Urbatzka
Rogerio A F Monteiro
Eduardo Rocha
Title: Testing the effects of ethinylestradiol and of an environmentally relevant mixture of xenoestrogens as found in the Douro River (Portugal) on the maturation of fish gonads-A stereological study using the zebrafish (Danio rerio) as model
Issue Date: 2012
Abstract: In natural environments fish populations are exposed to many potential xenoestrogens, whereby understanding the impacts of mixtures continue to be of great interest. The main objective of this study was, therefore, to understand whether and how an environmentally relevant mixture of xenoestrogens found in the Douro River estuary can disrupt the normal gametogenesis in fish. For this purpose, adult zebrafish of both sexes were exposed for 21 days to an environmental mixture (MIX) of 11 xenoestrogens from diverse sources. A 100 ng/L ethinylestradiol (EE2) positive control was added. A quantitative (stereological) analysis with systematic sampling was made in the gonads, and using light microscopy both the relative and the absolute volumes of the gametogenic stages were estimated. Data point that the EE2 stimulus induced changes in structural compartments; with decreasing trends for the advanced maturation stages both in males and females. There was also a trend for a greater amount of interstitial tissue in males. Along with an interstitial fibrosis increase detected, the presence of a proteinaceous fluid was observed in both sexes and experimental groups (EE2 and MIX). Other histopathologic alterations were observed in the EE2 female group, such as the presence of foci of granulomatous inflammation and follicular mineralization in the germinal parenchyma and luminal areas. The most interesting finding of this study was that the exposure to the MIX caused a decrease of the relative volume of spermatozoa in zebrafish. This kind of estrogenic effect has not earlier been structurally quantified in such a fine detail with unbiased stereology in fish gonads. Despite the ultimate consequences of such disruptions being unknown, it could be logically argued that reduction or slowing-down of the appearance of the most mature cohorts and/or eventual interstitial fibrosis and other pathologic changes can adversely affect breeding. The findings add further explanatory bases for understanding the negative impacts of xenoestrogens.
Subject: Medicina básica
Basic medicine
Scientific areas: Ciências médicas e da saúde::Medicina básica
Medical and Health sciences::Basic medicine
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:ICBAS - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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