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Author(s): T. M.G.T.Rocha
S. I. S. Pinto
J. M. Miranda
J. B. L. M. Campos
Title: Development of membranes with regions with different characteristics by phase inversion technique
Issue Date: 2007
Abstract: Separation membrane cells comprising membrane sections with different characteristics can be thebase for new separation processes. Hybrid membrane cells require new membranes with regions withdifferent characteristics. In this paper we present numerical and experimental approaches to developsuch membranes by the phase inversion technique. The two main steps of the phase inversiontechnique, the evaporation step and the immersion precipitation step, are studied by numericalmethods. The numerical approach is based on the solution of the mass transport equation to predict thefilm composition after the evaporation step and in the solution of the CahnHilliard equations topredict the structure of the membrane after the immersion precipitation step. The equations are solvedby finite difference methods. The numerical simulations are used to predict the influence of severalexperimental parameters (temperature, composition of the initial polymeric solution, evaporation time,precipitation time, immersion bath composition) in the structure of the membrane. The experimentalapproach is based on the manipulation of the experimental conditions to produce regions of differentcharacteristics in the same membrane. An experimental method to create different regions from twodifferent initial polymeric solutions is presented.
Subject: Engenharia química
Chemical engineering
Scientific areas: Ciências da engenharia e tecnologias::Engenharia química
Engineering and technology::Chemical engineering
Source: PERMEA 2007
Document Type: Artigo em Livro de Atas de Conferência Internacional
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FEUP - Artigo em Livro de Atas de Conferência Internacional

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