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Author(s): moreira-goncalves, d
henriques-coelho, t
fonseca, h
ferreira, rm
amado, f
leite-moreira, a
duarte, ja
Title: Moderate exercise training provides left ventricular tolerance to acute pressure overload
Issue Date: 2011
Abstract: Moreira-Goncalves D, Henriques-Coelho T, Fonseca H, Ferreira RM, Amado F, Leite-Moreira A, Duarte JA. Moderate exercise training provides left ventricular tolerance to acute pressure overload. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 300: H1044-H1052, 2011. First published December 24, 2010; doi: 10.1152/ajpheart.01008.2010.-The present study evaluated the impact of moderate exercise training on the cardiac tolerance to acute pressure overload. Male Wistar rats were randomly submitted to exercise training or sedentary lifestyle for 14 wk. At the end of this period, the animals were anaesthetized, mechanically ventilated, and submitted to hemodynamic evaluation with biventricular tip pressure manometers. Acute pressure overload was induced by banding the descending aorta to induce a 60% increase of peak systolic left ventricular pressure during 120 min. This resulted in the following experimental groups: 1) sedentary without banding (SED + Sham), 2) sedentary with banding (SED + Band), and 3) exercise trained with banding (EX + Band). In response to aortic banding, SED + Band animals could not sustain the 60% increase of peak systolic pressure for 120 min, even with additional narrowing of the banding. This was accompanied by a reduction of dP/dt(max) and dP/dt(min) and a prolongation of the time constant tau, indicating impaired systolic and diastolic function. This impairment was not observed in EX + Band (P < 0.05 vs. SED + Band). Additionally, compared with SED + Band, EX + Band presented less myocardial damage, exhibited attenuated protein expression of active caspase-3 and NF-kappa B (P < 0.016), and showed less protein carbonylation and nitration (P < 0.05). These findings support our hypothesis that exercise training has a protective role in the modulation of the early cardiac response to pressure overload.
Subject: Medicina clínica
Clinical medicine
Scientific areas: Ciências médicas e da saúde::Medicina clínica
Medical and Health sciences::Clinical medicine
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FADEUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
FMUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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