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Author(s): Fontes-Carvalho, R
Gonçalves, A
Severo, M
Lourenço, P
Rocha-Gonçalves, F
Bettencourt, P
Leite-Moreira, A
Azevedo, A
Title: Direct, inflammation-mediated and blood-pressure-mediated effects of total and abdominal adiposity on diastolic function: EPIPorto study
Issue Date: 2015
Abstract: Background: Obesity has been associated with subclinical diastolic dysfunction and increased risk of heart failure. Our aims were to evaluate the age- and sex-specific role of total and abdominal adiposity on diastolic function and to assess the direct and indirect pathophysiological mechanisms involved in this association. Methods and results: Within a population-based study (EPIPorto), a total of 1063 individuals aged ≥ 45 years (62% female; 62.4 ± 10.6 years) were evaluated using echocardiography, anthropometrics, electrical bioimpedance and blood tests. Diastolic function was assessed with using EAE/ASE consensus criteria. Worse diastolic function grades were associated with increased BMI, fat mass % and waist-to-height ratio (p for trend < 0.001). The inverse association between adiposity and diastolic function was stronger in men and in the younger population. In multivariate analysis, waist-to-height ratio (per cm/cm) was associated with reduced E′ velocity (adjusted β: − 14.4; 95% CI: − 21.1 to − 7.6; p < 0.001) and increased E/E′ ratio (adjusted β: 9.7, 95% CI: 5.4–10.0; p < 0.001), among men < 65 years. Both direct and indirect mechanisms were involved in the E′ velocity decrease by waist-to-height ratio in participants < 65 years. The effect was mainly direct in men (81.3%), while it was mostly indirect in women, through systolic blood pressure (50.8%) and inflammation (15.1%). Conclusions: Adiposity, especially abdominal, was associated with worse diastolic function. This association was more important in men and in the younger population. The causal mechanisms involved were sex-specific, with mostly direct effects among men and blood-pressure-mediated among women.
Subject: Diastole
Waist circumference
Source: Int J Cardiol, vol. 191, p. 64-70
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:ISPUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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