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Author(s): Renata Silva
Vania Vilas Boas
Helena Carmo
Ricardo Jorge Dinis Oliveira
Felix Carvalho
Maria de Lourdes Bastos
Fernando Remiao
Title: Modulation of P-glycoprotein efflux pump: induction and activation as a therapeutic strategy
Issue Date: 2015
Abstract: P-glycoprotein (P-gp) is an ATP-dependent efflux pump encoded by the MDRI gene in humans, known to mediate multidrug resistance of neoplastic cells to cancer therapy. For several decades, P-gp inhibition has drawn many significant research efforts in an attempt to overcome this phenomenon. However, P-gp is also constitutively expressed in normal human epithelial tissues and, due to its broad substrate specificity, to its cellular polarized expression in many excretory and barrier tissues, and to its great efflux capacity, it can play a crucial role in limiting the absorption and distribution of harmful xenobiotics, by decreasing their intracellular accumulation. Such a defense mechanism can be of particular relevance at the intestinal level, by significantly reducing the intestinal absorption of the xenobiotic and, consequently, avoiding its access to the target organs. In this review, the current knowledge on this important efflux pump is summarized, and a new focus is brought on the therapeutic interest of inducing and/or activating P-gp for limiting the toxicity caused by its substrates. Several in vivo and in vitro studies validating the use of such a therapeutic strategy are discussed. An extensive literature search for reported P-gp inducers/activators and for the experimental models used in their characterization was conducted. Those studies demonstrate that effective antidotal pathways can be achieved by efficiently promoting the P-gp-mediated efflux of deleterious xenobiotics, resulting in a significant reduction in their intracellular levels and, consequently, in a significant reduction of their toxicity.
Subject: Medicina básica
Basic medicine
Scientific areas: Ciências médicas e da saúde::Medicina básica
Medical and Health sciences::Basic medicine
Document Type: Outra Publicação em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: restrictedAccess
Appears in Collections:FFUP - Outra Publicação em Revista Científica Internacional
FMUP - Outra Publicação em Revista Científica Internacional

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