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|Title:||Reference Tracking of Depth of Anesthesia Using Optimal Control|
|Abstract:||Optimal control theory has gained increasing importance in biomedical applications, e.g., in the automatic administration of anesthetics during general anesthesia. In this context, one of the features that needs to be monitored is the depth of anesthesia. This is usually achieved by the joint administration of hypnotics and analgesics. The depth of anesthesia is quantified by the bispectral index that varies between 97.7% and 0%. This index should usually be kept at a reference level between 40% and 60% during surgeries with general anesthesia. In this contribution, we consider an open-loop control strategy to achieve this goal. In order to determine a suitable controller, we formulate a nonlinear optimal control problem and we solve it using direct methods. These methods have become increasingly useful when computing the numerical solution of an optimal control problem. Moreover, they are known to provide a very robust and general approach.|
|Source:||2015 Proceedings of the Conference on Control and its Applications, Paris, France, July 8-10, 2015|
|Document Type:||Artigo em Livro de Atas de Conferência Internacional|
|Appears in Collections:||FCUP - Artigo em Livro de Atas de Conferência Internacional|
FEUP - Artigo em Livro de Atas de Conferência Internacional
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