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Author(s): J. Barros
L. Grenho
M. H. Fernandes
C. M. Manuel
L. F. Melo
O. C. Nunes
Fernando Mendes Monteiro
Ferraz, MP
Title: Anti-sessile bacterial and cytocompatibility properties of CHX-loaded nanohydroxyapatite
Issue Date: 2015
Abstract: Nanohydroxyapatite possesses exceptional biocompatibility and bioactivity regarding bone cells and tissues, justifying its use as a coating material or as a bone substitute. Unfortunately, this feature may also encourage bacterial adhesion and biofilm formation. Surface functionalization with antimicrobials is a promising strategy to reduce the likelihood of bacterial infestation and colonization on medical devices. Chlorhexidine digluconate is a common and effective antimicrobial agent used for a wide range of medical applications. The purpose of this work was the development of a nanoHA biomaterial loaded with CHX to prevent surface bacterial accumulation and, simultaneously, with good cytocompatibility, for application in the medical field. CHX (5-1500 mg/L) was loaded onto nanoHA discs and the materials were evaluated for CHX adsorption and release profile, physic-chemical features, antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis, and cytocompatibility toward L929 fibroblasts. Results showed that the adsorption of CHX on nanoHA surface occurred by electrostatic interactions between the cationic group of CHX and the phosphate group of nanoHA. The release of CHX from CHX-loaded nanoHA showed a fast initial rate followed by a slower kinetics release, due to constraints caused by dilution and diffusion-limiting processes. NanoHA.50 to nanoHA.1500 showed strong anti-sessile activity, inhibiting bacterial adhesion and the biofilm formation. CHX-nanoHA caused a dose- and time-dependent inhibitory effect on the proliferation of fibroblasts for nanoHA.100 to nanoHA.1500. Cellular behavior on nanoHA.5 and nanoHA.50 was similar to control. Therefore, CHX-loaded nanoHA surfaces appear as a promising alternative to prevention of devices-related infections.
Subject: Engenharia dos materiais
Materials engineering
Scientific areas: Ciências da engenharia e tecnologias::Engenharia dos materiais
Engineering and technology::Materials engineering
Related Information: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/FCT - Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia/Projectos de I&DT em Todos os Domínios Científicos/PTDC/SAU-BMA/111233/2009/NaNOBiofilm - Superfícies de nanohidroxiapatite com caracteristicas antiobacterianas para prevenção de infecção óssea associada a biofilmes/NaNOBiofilm
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: restrictedAccess
Appears in Collections:FEUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
FMDUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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