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Author(s): Leal, IS
Florido, M
Andersen, P
Appelberg, R
Title: Interleukin-6 regulates the phenotype of the immune response to a tuberculosis subunit vaccine
Issue Date: 2001
Abstract: We investigated the role of interleukin-6 (IL-6) in the development of the immune response to a subunit vaccine against tuberculosis consisting of the culture filtrate proteins of Mycobacterium tuberculosis emulsified in the adjuvant dimethyldioctadecylammonium bromide (DDA). C57Bl/6 mice immunized with this vaccine developed a strong T helper 1 (Th1) response characterized by an increased production of interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) secreted by CD4(+) T cells. Neutralization of IL-6 during in vivo priming resulted in marked reduction in the ability of T cells to secrete IFN-gamma and IL-2 and to proliferate. IL-6 gene-disrupted mice primed with the vaccine showed a decrease in the number of IFN-gamma -producing cells and an increase in IL-4-secreting cells as compared to control mice. In contrast, neutralization of IL-6 during a boost of the vaccine in previously primed mice did not affect the development of IFN-gamma -producing cells but still increased the number of IL-4-producing cells. Our work shows that IL-6 plays a major role in the priming but not in the later expression of a Th1 response to a tuberculosis vaccine.
Subject: Infecções, Medicina básica
Infections, Basic medicine
Scientific areas: Ciências médicas e da saúde::Medicina básica
Medical and Health sciences::Basic medicine
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: restrictedAccess
Appears in Collections:ICBAS - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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