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Author(s): V. P. de Freitas
J. M. P. Q. Delgado
Title: Salt Degradation in Stone of Old Buildings
Issue Date: 2013
Abstract: The crystallization of soluble salts is a major mechanism of degradation of some building materials, including stone. This mechanism of deterioration is based on the pressure exerted by the formation of salt structures in porous materials, with increased volume and is dependent on the type of salts involved and the size and arrangement of pores. When the pressure exceeds the internal strength of the material, and particularly when the salt formations undergo cycles of crystallization and dissolution in response to fluctuating levels of humidity, the deterioration of materials typically becomes apparent. It is therefore essential to understand the phenomenon of crystallization and dissolution of salts, i.e., to know the conditions of crystallization of each salt, depending on relative humidity and air temperature. For this purpose we developed an experimental work, using four samples of stone (one limestone and three granites), which consists, initially, to study the variation of the water absorption coefficient with and without soluble salts.
Subject: Ciências da engenharia e tecnologias
Engineering and technology
Scientific areas: Ciências da engenharia e tecnologias
Engineering and technology
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: restrictedAccess
Appears in Collections:FEUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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