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Author(s): Sara Rios
Nuno Cristelo
António Viana da Fonseca
Cristiana Ferreira
Title: Structural performance of alkali-activated soil ash versus soil cement
Issue Date: 2016
Abstract: Alkaline activation of fly ash (FA) was used to improve the mechanical performance of a silty sand, considering this new material as a replacement for soil-cement applications, namely, bases and subbases, for transportation infrastructures. For that purpose, specimens were molded from mixtures of soil, FA, and an alkaline activator made from sodium hydroxide and sodium silicate. Uniaxial compression tests showed that strength is highly increased by the addition of this new binder. The results described a high stiffness material, with an initial volume reduction followed by significant dilation. All specimens have clearly reached the respective yield surface during shearing, and peakstrength Mohr-Coulomb parameters were defined for each mixture. The evolution of the microstructure during curing, responsible for the mechanical behavior detected in the previous tests, was observed by scanning electron microscopy. These results were compared with soil-cement data obtained previously with the same soil at similar compaction conditions. The main difference between both binders was the curing rate, with alkali-activated specimens showing a more progressive and long-lasting strength increase. This was analyzed taking into account the chemical process responsible for the behavior of the mixtures.
Subject: Geotecnia, Engenharia civil
Geotechnics, Civil engineering
Scientific areas: Ciências da engenharia e tecnologias::Engenharia civil
Engineering and technology::Civil engineering
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FEUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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