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Author(s): Moutinho-Pereira, S
Matos, I
Maiato, H
Title: Drosophila S2 cells as a model system to investigate mitotic spindle dynamics, architecture, and function
Issue Date: 2010
Abstract: In order to perpetuate their genetic content, eukaryotic cells have developed a microtubule-based machine known as the mitotic spindle. Independently of the system studied, mitotic spindles share at least one common characteristic – the dynamic nature of microtubules. This property allows the constant plasticity needed to assemble a bipolar structure, make proper kinetochoremicrotubule attachments, segregate chromosomes and finally disassemble the spindle and reform an interphase microtubule array. Here we describe a variety of experimental approaches currently used in our laboratory to study microtubule dynamics during mitosis using Drosophila melanogaster S2 cells as a model. By using quantitative live-cell imaging microscopy in combination with an advantageous labeling background, we illustrate how several cooperative pathways are used to build functional mitotic spindles. We illustrate different ways of perturbing spindle microtubule dynamics, including pharmacological inhibition and RNA interference of proteins that directly or indirectly impair microtubule dynamics. Additionally, we demonstrate the advantage of using fluorescent speckle microscopy (FSM) to investigate an intrinsic property of spindle microtubules known as poleward flux. Finally, we developed a set of laser microsurgery-based experiments that allow, with unique spatiotemporal resolution, the study of specific spindle-structures (e.g. centrosomes, microtubules and kinetochores) and their respective roles during mitosis.
Subject: Live-cell microscopy
Laser microsurgery
Fluorescent speckle microscopy
Microtubule drugs
Catalogue Link:
Source: Methods in cell biology, vol.97, p.243-257
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:I3S - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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