Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10216/19612
Author(s): Teresa Margarida Correia de Poço Mata
Raymond L. Smith
Douglas M. Young
Carlos Albino Veiga da Costa
Title: Environmental analysis of gasoline blending components through their life cycle
Issue Date: 2005
Abstract: The contributions of three major gasoline blending components (reformate, alkylate and cracked gasoline) to potential environmental impacts (PEI) are assessed. This study estimates losses of the gasoline blending components due to evaporation and leaks through their life cycle, from petroleum refining to vehicle refuelling. A sensitivity analysis is performed using different weighting factors for each potential environmental impact category, in order to assess the effect of each blending component on the total potential environmental impacts. The results indicate that reformate and cracked gasoline mainly contribute to photochemical oxidation followed by aquatic toxicity, terrestrial toxicity and human toxicity by ingestion. On the other hand, alkylate contributes mostly to aquatic toxicity but very little to photochemical oxidation. From the sensitivity analysis, a high weighting on the impact categories for aquatic toxicity, terrestrial toxicity and human toxicity by ingestion leads to alkylate having the largest potential impacts of the three blending components, whereas other combinations of weighting factors indicate that alkylate has the lowest potential impacts.
Subject: Ciências tecnológicas
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10216/19612
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FEUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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