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Author(s): Barbosa, PM
Firmino-Machado, J
Ferreira, LN
Cruz, VT
Szrek, H
Title: From healthcare system to individuals through stroke rehabilitation pathways: outcomes, information, and satisfaction along 12 months prospective cohort in Portugal
Publisher: Taylor and Francis Group
Issue Date: 2023
Abstract: BackgroundThe nature and quality of stroke survivor rehabilitation varies throughout Europe, including in Portugal, having not been widely monitored or benchmarked.ObjectivesThis study analyses the stroke care pathway from three perspectives: healthcare system, process, and patient.MethodsThe study uses data from a one-year single-center prospective cohort of first stroke patients, assessed at baseline, 3, 6, and 12 months. Care pathways and settings were described in terms of organizational model, funding, patient involvement, frequency and intensity and multidisciplinary team. Patient-level information and satisfaction were evaluated using a 10-point numeric rating scale. Kruskal - Wallis and post-hoc tests were used to compare EQ-5D-3 L, National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS), Modified Rankin Scale (mRS), Barthel Index, Mini-Mental State Examination scores between pathways and settings.ResultsA total of 391 acute stroke patients, with a mean disability of 3.7 (mRS) and severity of 11.7 (NIHSS) participated. Six pathways and eight settings were described. A lack of compliance between guidelines and care was identified. There were significant differences in the four outcomes between the six pathways (p-values 0.007 to 0.020) suggesting inefficiency and inequalities, with an inadequate level of information and patient satisfaction. After post-hoc analysis, pathways 1 and 2 showed highest outcomes (p-values 0.001 to 0.002). Within settings, short-term units showed high scores, followed by rehabilitation center, outpatient hospital, and community clinic (p-values 0.001 to 0.040).ConclusionA multilevel characterization of the post-stroke rehabilitation pathway showed a more complete perspective on stroke management which may contribute to future rehabilitation and stroke policies
Subject: Stroke
Source: Top Stroke Rehabil. 2023 Oct;30(7):727-737. doi: 10.1080/10749357.2023.2165266. Epub 2023 Jan 18.
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: restrictedAccess
Appears in Collections:ISPUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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