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Author(s): Alfaiate, A
Rodrigues, R
Aguiar, A
Duarte, R
Title: Tuberculosis and COVID-19 Related Stigma: Portuguese Patients Experiences
Publisher: The Korean Academy of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
Issue Date: 2023
Abstract: Background: Tuberculosis (TB)-related stigma has been well-documented. Since the emergence of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), different organizations have been alerted to the fact that stigma could arise again. Due to stigma's negative effects, this qualitative study aimed to explore the stigma felt by patients by evaluating the fol-lowing: COVID-19 stigma and its temporal progression through the pandemic; stigma perceived by different patients with TB before and during COVID-19 pandemic; and dif- ference perceived by individuals who contracted both diseases.Methods: A semi-structured interview was developed according to the available lit-erature on the theme. It was performed individually in 2022 upon receiving signed informed consent. Participants were recruited with a purposive sampling approach by searching medical records. Those who currently or previously had pulmonary TB and/ or COVID-19 were included. Data were subjected to thematic analysis.Results: Nine patients were interviewed, including six (66.7%) females. The median age of patients was 51 & PLUSMN;14.7 years. Four participants (44.4%) had completed high school and four (44.4%) were never smokers. Three had both TB and COVID-19. Four only had TB and two only had COVID-19. Interviews identified eight main themes: knowledge and beliefs, with several misconceptions identified; attitudes towards the disease, vary- ing from social support to exclusion; knowledge and education, assumed as of extreme importance; internalized stigma, with self-rejection; experienced stigma, with discrim- ination episodes; anticipated stigma, modifying actions for avoiding stigma; perceived stigma, with judgment by others prevailed; and temporal evolution of stigma. Conclusion: Individuals expressed strong stigma for both diseases. De-stigmatization of respiratory infectious diseases is crucial for limiting stigma's negative impact.
Subject: Tuberculosis
So-cial Stigma
Qualitative Research
Source: Tuberc Respir Dis (Seoul). 2023 Jul;86(3):216-225. doi: 10.4046/trd.2022.0062. Epub 2023 Mar 31.
Related Information: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/FCT/OE/2020.09390.BD/PT
Document Type: Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:ISPUP - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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